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Bonstra | Haresign ARCHITECTS

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dmadsen, hanley wood, llc

Project Name


Project Status



34,680 sq. feet


  • William J. Bonstra


Design Awards

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Project Description

Located within Washington DC's Greater 14th Street Historic District, this unique adaptive reuse project incorporates a historic coal distribution facility designed by John Lankford, Washington's first registered African-American architect. Abandoned for 40 years since the 1968 Martin Luther King riots devastated this area of the city, this $9M, 27-unit project includes the complete restoration of one of the two remaining Lankford buildings and the construction of a new 7-story residential addition beside and behind the restored building. The historic Lankford building was retained in its entirety, held up with steel support framing while a basement floor level was inserted and crumbling foundations replaced. Its original brick façade was restored while windows and doors were replicated. The coal drive-through opening was restored and the area occupied by the original truck scale was memorialized through the creation of a double height living area. Articulated as a lively composition of multi-colored/textured brick planes, the new facades relate to its historic industrial context and likewise appear to be built over time. Respecting its varied streetscape, the building allows for maximum views and open spaces on 3 faces. Entered into a courtyard at street level through a steel and wood gate, a masonry façade is continued inside, referentially reappearing at each floor level. A blue oval penthouse completes the composition in a reinterpreted version of the ubiquitous water tower. Inside, efficient interlocking fire stairs and elevator serve 4 units per level, along with 4 duplex units at the top 2 floors, eliminating an elevator penthouse.
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