When Bill Randall and Arbor South Architecture set out to design their first LEED-certified project, they didn't just limp in—they broke records. The Sage, a 1,447-square-foot, two-bedroom, two-bath home in Eugene, Ore., earned 110 LEED points, enough to qualify for Platinum status and earn the distinction of the highest-scoring LEED home west of the Rockies.
The house, completed last month and featured on the Eugene Home Builders Tour, is an educational tool for designer and consumer alike. For Arbor South, The Sage and its LEED certification process was an experience-building opportunity for a firm looking to redirect its design mission toward smaller, more efficient homes. With a modern aesthetic uncompromised by an extensive list of green features, the home also serves as an eye-opener for local buyers unaware that sustainable living and pleasing design go hand in hand.
"It's designed and built in a way that shows how you can be off the charts in terms of efficiency, but still be aesthetically pleasing," says Randall, AIA, LEED AP. "It's very aesthetically pleasing and very livable."
Like most ultra-green homes, The Sage starts with a tight envelope, featuring double 2x4 stud walls, separate plates to eliminate thermal bridging, Demilec Agribalance spray foam insulation for R-32 in the walls and R-45 in the vaulted ceilings, and tight sealing. As a result, the house is 12 times tighter than Energy Star requirements.
A heat recovery ventilator is included to ensure fresh-air exchange inside the tight house. A solar hot water system and 2.1-kW solar electric provide 40 percent to 50 percent of the home's energy needs.
Design and product choices contributing to energy savings include south-facing windows with overhangs and a light shelf of clerestories; the Weather Vane vinyl windows carry a U-value of 0.27. The KitchenAid dishwasher, refrigerator, and washing machine are Energy Star-labeled, and the bathrooms include low-flow faucets from Danze and Kohler dual-flush toilets.
Sustainable and local materials were used throughout, including reclaimed wood flooring from Pioneer Millworks, Sustainable Flooring cork in the bathrooms (including Showercork, made from discs of wine corks, in the master), and recycled-content Squak Mountain kitchen countertops and PaperStone bath countertops. Accent siding on the exterior was crafted by remilling redwood benches reclaimed from a local outdoor ampitheater.
Drought-tolerant plants were used, and a rainchain drains into a 1,000-gallon cistern to be used for watering plants and for the landscape pond in the yard.
With less than 1,500 square feet, The Sage's size is a departure from Arbor South's more recent designs. At one time, the firm had been part of a pilot program for a local efficient building program, Super Good Sense Oregon, but gradually drifted with the market toward larger projects. With The Sage, "We felt a desire to get back to our roots and really get back to smaller, sustainable housing," Randall explains.
The price tag of $459,000 is about $100,000 to $180,000 more than typical homes of that size in the area (though a hefty cost for the premium infill location contributed). "We wanted to do a demonstration house to show people what can be done," Randall says, noting that the average person may not choose to take every step for their own home, but that the project showcases a range of options to choose from, each another step toward making a new home more efficient and eco-friendly.
As part of its efforts to educate consumers, Randall put together a package of video clips describing the eco-friendly selections made in The Sage, placing emphasis on why the products were chosen and demonstrating the relative ease of such decisions.
Katy Tomasulo is Deputy Editor for EcoHome. This article first appeared onwww.ecohomemagazine.com.