Launch Slideshow

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Transforming a Sydney Theater Into Apartments

Transforming a Sydney Theater Into Apartments

  • The Majestic Theatre was built in 1921 and  has served as a vaudeville venue, a movie palace, a roller skating rink, and now an apartment building.

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    The Majestic Theatre was built in 1921 and has served as a vaudeville venue, a movie palace, a roller skating rink, and now an apartment building.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    The Majestic Theatre was built in 1921 and has served as a vaudeville venue, a movie palace, a roller skating rink, and now an apartment building.

  • Remnants of the building's former lives grace its refashioned circulation spaces.

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    Remnants of the building's former lives grace its refashioned circulation spaces.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    Remnants of the building's former lives grace its refashioned circulation spaces.

  • Leaving these layers intact created a rich patina. "We display all the periods of the building," says architect Philip Thalis.

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    Leaving these layers intact created a rich patina. "We display all the periods of the building," says architect Philip Thalis.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    Leaving these layers intact created a rich patina. "We display all the periods of the building," says architect Philip Thalis.

  • Apartment units meet strict mandatory standards for natural light and cross-ventilation.

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    Apartment units meet strict mandatory standards for natural light and cross-ventilation.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    Apartment units meet strict mandatory standards for natural light and cross-ventilation.

  • Saw cuts expose the building's 18-inch-thick walls.

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    Saw cuts expose the building's 18-inch-thick walls.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    Saw cuts expose the building's 18-inch-thick walls.

  • Five stacked balconies project from the west elevation.

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    Five stacked balconies project from the west elevation.

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    Brett Boardman Photography

    Five stacked balconies project from the west elevation.

  • The Majestic's first floor plan.

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    The Majestic's first floor plan.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    The Majestic's first floor plan.

  • The project's second floor plan.

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    The project's second floor plan.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    The project's second floor plan.

  • Third floor plan.

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    Third floor plan.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    Third floor plan.

  • The Majestic's fourth level.

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    The Majestic's fourth level.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    The Majestic's fourth level.

  • The fifth floor.

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    The fifth floor.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    The fifth floor.

  • The project's roof plan.

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    The project's roof plan.

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    Hill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects

    The project's roof plan.

 

Adaptive Reuse Case Studies

 

In its long and storied career, the Majestic Theatre has lived through incarnations as a vaudeville venue, a movie palace, a roller skating rink, and now an apartment building.

But if architects Sarah Hill and Philip Thalis had had their way, it never would have made its most recent transformation. When their builder/developer clients first floated the idea, Thalis says, “we said, ‘Don’t buy it. It’s too big for you.’ But of course they couldn’t resist a bargain.” Thus overruled, the architects proceeded to design a 27-unit mixed-use retrofit that reconnects the building with the vibrant urban life around it, preserves and celebrates its colorful history, and makes its architects happy to admit they were wrong.

A landmark in Sydney’s Petersham neighborhood since 1921, the Majestic’s picturesque Moorish façade had been dark for some 20 years when Hill and Thalis went to work planning its rebirth. “The building was heritage listed, and we are accredited heritage architects, so we wanted to respect its original form,” Thalis says. But the largely windowless shell posed an obstacle. “It was like a big barn,” he says. To create a residential atmosphere and to meet mandatory standards for natural light and cross ventilation, the architects pulled the living spaces in from the building’s perimeter, creating open-air circulation zones and private balconies partially or fully within the existing brick walls. “Effectively, there’s a new building inserted into the heart of the shell,” Thalis says.

Multistory lobbies at the front and rear of the building preserve remnants of its past: original stairways, some of which are intact and functional, while others remain as floating sculpture or ghosted on a brick wall; a pressed-tin ceiling; a lighted “Rollerskating” sign. “The original front façade was restored,” Thalis says, “but we display all the periods of the building, including the roller rink years. You can see where the seating used to be … all the signs of life. It’s meant to expose the pattern of the building.”

In practical terms, Thalis says, “the brief was to maximize the number of units and the amount of retail square footage.” Storefront commercial spaces opening onto a narrow lane at the building’s west side occupy most of the ground floor. Spare and efficient one-bedroom apartments fill the three floors above, in a mix of single- and multi-level plans that maximize exposure to sunlight and fresh air. “Every apartment has at least one balcony; quite a number have two,” Thalis says. “And there are lots of indoor/outdoor views from apartments into the common spaces.”

The apartments’ clean, lean interiors contrast with rougher elements of the building’s historic structure: 18-inch-thick brick walls, saw-cut for new balconies; aged plaster and paint, preserved with a clear sealer; and, in top-floor units, the roof’s Oregon pine roof trusses. The engaged, idiosyncratic spaces reflect the partners’ highly individualized approach to multifamily projects. “You’ve got to make every apartment livable,” Thalis says. “You not only don’t want a bad apartment, you don’t want one bad room.”